The ethical doctrine that virtue is based upon utility and that behavior should have as its goal the procurement of the greatest happiness for the greatest number of persons — utilitarian , n, adj.
Ideal utilitarianism the description of ideal utilitarianism was first used by hastings rashdall in the theory of good and evil (1907), but it is more often associated with g e moore in ethics (1912), moore rejected a purely hedonistic utilitarianism and argued that there is a range of values that might be maximized moore's strategy was to show that it is intuitively implausible that pleasure is the sole measure of what is good.
As an abstract ethical doctrine, utilitarianism has established itself as one of the small number of live options that must be taken into account and either refuted or accepted by any philosopher taking a position in normative ethics utilitarianism now appears in various modified and complicated formulations. What is mill's response to the objection that utilitarianism is a doctrine worthy of swine physical pleasures are only one type of pleasures that have value and that other types of pleasures such as emotional and intellectual pleasures have even more value that physical pleasure.
Utility, after which the doctrine is named, is a measure in economics of the relative satisfaction from, or desirability of, the consumption of goods utilitarianism can thus be described as a quantitative and reductionistic approach to ethics. Utilitarianism definition, the ethical doctrine that virtue is based on utility, and that conduct should be directed toward promoting the greatest happiness of the greatest number of persons see more. Utilitarianism definition is - a doctrine that the useful is the good and that the determining consideration of right conduct should be the usefulness of its consequences specifically : a theory that the aim of action should be the largest possible balance of pleasure over pain or the greatest happiness of the greatest number.
Utilitarianism, which holds that an pluralistic deontology is a description of the deontological ethics propounded by wd ross (1877 - 1971) ethical naturalism this doctrine holds that there are objective moral properties of which we have empirical knowledge,. Utilitarianism is one of the most powerful and persuasive approaches to normative ethics in the history of philosophy though not fully articulated until the 19 th century, proto-utilitarian positions can be discerned throughout the history of ethical theory.
For example, so-called “ethical egoism,” which says that morality requires people to promote their own interest, would be rejected either as a false morality or as not a morality at all this is a very clear description of utilitarianism, including explanations of arguments both for and against chapter 2 discusses bentham, mill, and. Definition of utilitarianism - the doctrine that actions are right if they are useful or for the benefit of a majority definition of utilitarianism in english: utilitarianism noun the credentials of utilitarianism as an overall theory of ethics are compromised’. Act and rule utilitarianism utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effectsmore specifically, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce.
The objection mill poses is utilitarianism is only concerned with the consequences of an action, reguardless of the morality of the person doing the act mill's response to this objection is that people don't have to necessarily be good in order to do something good.