Physician-assisted suicide or pas is defined as the voluntary termination of one's own life by administration of a lethal substance with the direct or indirect assistance of a physician in contrast to euthanasia, in which the physician performs the intervention, in pas the physician provides the necessary means and the patient performs the act.
The issue of physician assisted suicide (pas) has been becoming increasingly relevant in many countries have adopted legislation making pas legal including the netherlands, belgium, luxembourg, colombia, canada, and switzerland (emanuel et al 2016) the first thing that may come to mind when thinking about the economic advantages of.
Erkate, et al, euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, and other practices involving the end of life in the netherlands, 1990-1995, lvew england journal of medicine 335 : 1699-1705. Benefits of physician-assisted suicide physician-assisted suicide, also known as pas, gives patients in critical medical conditions the right to end their lives physician-assisted suicide is currently legal in three american states, which are oregon, washington, and montana.
Legalization of physician-assisted suicide also raises social justice issues society and the medical profession have duties to safeguard the patient–physician relationship and human dignity these duties apply especially to the most vulnerable members of society: the sick, the elderly, children, the disabled, the poor, minorities, and others. 3 pas takes away the guilt of a dying patient of being a burden to the family people who are pushing for the legalization of physician-assisted suicide say that there are terminally ill individuals who feel that they emotionally, physically and financially drain members of the family because of their being sick. Legalizing physician assisted suicide will allow people to decide if they want to endure their pain or if they wish to die this is morally questionable because the state or the law of the land cannot decide the method of death for an innocent ailing person. Physician-assisted suicide accounts for 372 per 10,000 deaths in oregon, the number doubling since 2010 less than 1 percent of physicians in oregon and washington write a prescription for pas each year.
It is important to note that both terms, “physician assisted suicide” and “physician aid-in-dying” are value-laden and may reflect the speaker or writer’s political or ideological support for or objection to the practice. There are multiple definitions within both the medical and legal communities about assisted suicide but in general, the most contentious debate is when a suicide is assisted by a physician as opposed to a private citizen or family member. Important facts about euthanasia the term euthanasia is from the greek language, and it literally means “good death” new mexico, montana, oregon, washington, and vermont are the only united state’s states that allow physician assisted suicide anyone who wishes to be euthanized must be over the age of 18 years old.